The more equal a workplace, the better the health of the employees. This is a clear conclusion.
It is necessary to look at gender equality in the work environment and the work organization to prevent women from being excluded from work because of work environment-related problems.
The background is a government assignment to specifically prevent occupational health-related ill-health among women.
The more gender-integrated a workplace is, the better the workplace health and well-being.
The fact is that the lack of equality leads to more conflicts and harassment in the workplace and to higher staff turnover. Inequality is a sign that an organization is unhealthy, in the same way as, for example, sick leave, reduced efficiency, and conflicts between staff and management.
Equal workplaces have also proven to be more creative and profitable. Women still bear the main responsibility for homes and children. Women and men work to a great extent in different professions, in different sectors and at different levels in the hierarchies.
Men, as a group, still earn more – even when differences due to, for example, education and part-time work have been eliminated. Work in women-dominated professions and sectors is generally valued lower than in male-dominated. Most female managers are in the public sector where the salary level is lower.
More creative and profitable with gender equality. There are a number of explanations for segregation in the labor market. In particular, the research highlights differences in education, degree of employment (that women work more part-time more often), conceptions and expectations of how women and men should be and, finally, values and patterns of action in the workplace.
Studies show that women are more absent from work due to sickness, in all occupational groups. In addition, their own sick leave increases after having their first child.
Being in the right job based on the sense of competence and living in an equal relationship are two important health factors for women.
Workplaces that want to become more equal, and thus more healthy, should create a picture of where women and men are in the organization. In the analysis, one can, among other things, examine what occupational roles, duties, and forms of employment that women and men have. Other key areas are how it works when decisions are made and what salary differences exist. Participation is important for change to be sustainable.