Infectious mosquitoes and ticks, contaminated water, and increased risk of diabetes. People’s health is threatened by global warming, CNN writes and lists six ways you can be affected.
To keep global warming down to 1.5 degrees, doubled efforts and governments around the world are called for “rapid and far-reaching changes that have never been seen before”.
In addition to threatening our planet, human health risks being subjected to tests as temperatures rise. CNN lists six examples of how you can suffer.
An increase in infectious mosquitoes and ticks
A warm and humid climate is a perfect breeding ground for insects and experts warn of an increased risk of airborne infections, the news channel said.
An example of a recently spread dangerous virus is Zika, which is believed to have received a particularly large spread as the mosquito’s life span increases. Since 2004, the number of infections by ticks and mosquitoes has tripled in the United States.
Increased risk of type 2 diabetes
There is a link between rising temperatures and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, a study from last year shows. According to the researcher behind the report, global warming with a degree can mean over 100,000 new cases per year. Warmer climates can reduce the activity of brown fat tissue in the body, which burns fat and generates heat on cold days.
Breathing problems and strokes
Fossil emissions can contribute to particles that end up in the human lungs and even blood circulation, according to CNN. This can lead to asthma, reduce lung function, and increase the risk of stroke, according to a study from last year. The warmer climate also means more forest fires and more pollen in the air.
Contaminated water sources and dangerous bacterial infections
Extreme weather and heavy rainfall have contributed to spreading bacterial infections in already polluted water, especially during the summer. The pollutants can also affect crops and contribute to food contamination.
Increased mental health
Warmer temperatures are associated with some increased mental health, according to a new study that included close to two million Americans according to the news channel.
More car accidents and fewer food checks
An American study shows that small changes in the climate can affect human behavior. At temperatures above 29 degrees, the police stop fewer cars, which can lead to dangerous conditions on the roads.
At the same time, environmental inspectors were less likely to make food checks if the temperature exceeded 26 degrees. Of 750,000 restaurants studied, 8,000 fewer were checked per day in warmer weather, CNN reports.
Large difference between 1.5 and 2.0 degrees heating
The report writes that 62 to 457 million more people are at risk of extreme poverty if we miss the target of 1.5 degrees and end up at 2.0.
In addition, access to food and water decreases, diseases increase and already exposed areas are exposed to more economic losses. At the same time, the researchers write that a warming of 1.5 degrees will already make it difficult to reduce poverty, secure equality, and guarantee the well-being of people and ecosystems.
The report also notes that efforts to reduce greenhouse gases from the atmosphere can lead to a number of effects that are positive for human health. One consequence of reduced coal power use is, for example, cleaner air in several large cities.
The faster we can reduce carbon emissions to the atmosphere, the more human lives we save by reducing air pollution. Today, air pollution globally causes every eight deaths.
Exposed areas are hit hard – already at 1.5 degrees
According to the report, a 1.5-degree warming will mainly hit indigenous peoples, children, and the elderly hard. Most people and ecosystems around the Arctic, and island nations at the equator, among others, are expected to suffer most. Community groups working along with coastal areas and with agriculture will also be seriously affected.